Chitose is in central Hokkaido, close to Sapporo.
The Ainu called Chitose "Shikotsu," which means a large hollow or valley but the name was changed by the Japanese to Chitose, which means one thousand years, since the many Japanese Cranes in the area are associated with longevity.
The temperature reaches 30 ? in summer and the annual mean temperature is 6 to 8 degrees.
The New Chitose Airport, the aviation hub of northern Japan, acts as a central hub for international travellers mainly to Russia and North America, as well as serving as a main domestic airport.
The Chitose Institute of Science and Technology, which specializes in the advanced field of optical technologies, recently opened.
It is Japan`s 251st most populated city.