Auburn was first settled in the 1860s as Slaughter but was changed soon after incorporation in 1891.
The city is located in the Green River Valley in south King County. The area grew from a small agricultural town into a city of manufacturing and commercial activity. Most of the early growth was brought to the area via the Interurban Railroad, which connected the town to the northern cities of Renton and Seattle.
Auburn is the location of Emerald Downs Horse Race Track, Seattle International Speedway, Great Supermall of the Northwest. Auburn was the hometown of Dick Scobee, one of the NASA Astronaughts killed when the Space Shuttle Challenger exploded upon takeoff in 1986.
Auburn's main employers are the Boeing Company, Green River Community College, Auburn General Hospital and the Auburn School District.