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About Enschede

154,476 in city
143 km² (55 mi²)
42 m
The name Enschede means ‘at the border’, probably because of the city’s proximity to that of Germany. Enschede originated as a simple settlement next to a nobiliary stronghold. In 1325 it got City Rights, meaning that the city was allowed to reinforce its current stronghold. The only remnant from this era is ‘De Grote Kerk’ at the ‘Oude Markt’; the city burnt down twice after the Middle Ages, due to residential areas being constructed from flammable materials. In the nineteenth century, industrialization commenced. The textile tycoon family Van Heek played an important role in this development, the result being that today many locations in Enschede have been named after Van Heek. Many textile works from the period have been demolished, but the buildings that remain have been transformed into residential apartments. Enschede’s proximity to the German border results in many German tourists visiting the city’s shops, taverns and also its market, which recently garnered the accolade of best market in the Netherlands, attracting visitors from all over the region. The city is enlivened by its students from the local university who crowd the streets during events and at weekends.

No. of Buildings

No. Current status
109 All Buildings

Tallest Buildings

# Building Height Year
1 Alphatoren 333 ft 2008
2 Stadhuis 179 ft 1933
3 Deltaflat 176 ft 1970
4 Horsttoren 172 ft 1968
5 Hermestoren 171 ft 2003